Teaching Critical Thinking through a Dialogic Approach: The infusion model

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Foreign Languages and Linguistics, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran


Abstract Recent interest in teaching thinking has lead different researchers to examine different approaches in education to find effective methods and approaches for teaching thinking. Through a qualitative case analysis, this study attempted to identify the effects of the infusion model of teaching thinking implemented through a dialogic approach on a PhD candidate’s critical thinking skills. The study occurred over a semester in a PhD course which aimed at reviewing and discussing language teaching issues critically. A number of interactions and reflective journals produced by the participant during the course was analyzed qualitatively for finding different thinking abilities and elements. A number of thinking abilities and elements proposed by Paul and Nosich (1993) in a higher order thinking assessment model was used for analysis. Analysis of the interactions and reflective journals showed that the number of thinking abilities and elements increased over the course which was indicative of the effectiveness of the infusion model used through a dialogic teaching approach in developing critical thinking skills.


  • Receive Date: 12 April 2016
  • Revise Date: 17 June 2016
  • Accept Date: 18 September 2016
  • First Publish Date: 01 December 2016