The Interaction of Gender with Text Enhancement and Meta-cognitive Grammar Instruction on Learning and Recall of English Grammar

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran

2 English Department, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran


The current research was an effort to study the interaction of gender with text enhancement and meta-cognitive grammar instruction on learning and recall of English grammar. To this end, two groups of students consisting of 51 learners from both genders were formed. The participants were 51 male and 51 female learners. The 51 participants of each gender were further divided into two groups. Then, an OPT was administered to ensure homogeneity of the participants in terms of grammatical performance as well. Following that, two of the groups received text enhancement method and the other two groups received metacognitive instruction for learning grammar. Finally, the groups sat for a grammar posttest as well as a delayed posttest. When looking within groups, it was found the in metacognitive groups, males performed better on grammar posttest and delayed posttest in comparison with females. Regarding text enhancement groups, males and females did not significantly differ from each other both on posttest and delayed posttest. Finally, it was concluded that gender has the potentiality to affect the outcome of instruction when the role of input is considered in grammar instruction.


Volume 5, Issue 18
September 2017
Pages 125-142
  • Receive Date: 10 April 2017
  • Revise Date: 04 June 2017
  • Accept Date: 19 July 2017
  • First Publish Date: 01 September 2017