Induction of Emotions from TOEFL iBT Reading Tests as a Construct-irrelevant Factor and its Interference with Emotional Intelligence

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of English, Qeshm Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qeshm, Iran

2 Department of English, Qeshm Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qeshm, Iran (Professor of Applied Linguistics, Department of English, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran, corresponding author)

3 Department of English, Qeshm Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qeshm, Iran (Professor of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran)


Cognitive appraisal of individuals directs to the creation of an emotional response, which is related to emotional intelligence. The present study shows the presence of induced emotions as an unrelated factor on the construct of a TOEFL iBT reading test which can interplay with emotional intelligence for regulating the induced emotions towards reading passages. The present participants were 393 Iranian EFL TOEFL iBT candidates. The present researchers detected induced emotions based on PANAS before and after reading the three selected passages of a TOEFL iBT reading section. Also, emotional intelligence was detected by Schutte Self-Report Emotional Intelligence Test after reading the selected passages. Our results confirmed this hypothesis statistically by reporting that induced emotion from the passages of the selected TOEFL iBT test has a significant effect on emotional intelligence. This study found that if test developers provide a condition for test-takers to activate their emotional intelligence, they might control the induced emotion as the construct-irrelevant variable during reading.


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Volume 8, Issue 32 - Serial Number 32
December 2020
Pages 93-106
  • Receive Date: 04 July 2020
  • Revise Date: 15 September 2020
  • Accept Date: 27 November 2020
  • First Publish Date: 01 December 2020