Test-taking Strategies Used by Successful Iranian Male and Female University Entrance Exam EFL Applicants

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of English, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of English, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran


This study aimed at identifying the most frequent test-taking strategies used by successful Iranian male and female university entrance exam EFL applicants. To this end, 150 English major male and female freshman students who got admission to three reputable state universities of Isfahan, Shiraz, and Tehran were selected conveniently and purposively. The model used in this study was developed by Barati (2005) consisting of planning, monitoring, evaluation, and test-wiseness strategies. After selecting the participants, the modified questionnaire developed based on Barati’s test-taking strategy taxonomy was distributed among the participants. Based on the analysis of results, it was revealed that the EFL learners made frequent use of planning, monitoring, evaluation, and test-wiseness strategies, but only the level of use of planning and monitoring strategies reached statistical significance. Moreover, male and female EFL learners were only significantly different in their use of evaluation strategies, but in terms of using planning, monitoring, and test-wiseness strategies, males and females were not significantly different from one another. The findings of the study bear useful implications for EFL learners, teachers, materials designers, and test constructors.


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Volume 9, Issue 34 - Serial Number 1
(بهار 1-1400)
April 2021
Pages 69-80
  • Receive Date: 24 June 2020
  • Revise Date: 28 August 2020
  • Accept Date: 03 November 2020
  • First Publish Date: 29 November 2020