Male and Female EFL Learners’ Perception of Free Riding Tendency
DOR: 20.1001.1.23223898.2021.

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of English, Bonab Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bonab, Iran

2 Department of English Language, Bonab Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bonab, Iran

3 Department of English Language and Literature, Azas University of Maragheh, Maragheh, Iran


Free riding behavior or not contributing equally in group work, is a common obstacle in many cooperative activities in language learning. The present study aimed at comparing male and female EFL learners' attitude and their free riding tendency to use the benefits of lowering free riding behaviors in order to make group work more influential in language learning. To this purpose, 140 intermediate and upper intermediate Iranian EFL learners and 30 teachers participated in the study. Semi-structured interviews and questionnaires were used to investigate the topic. The obtained results revealed that the female learners act better in reducing free riding behaviors. The results further revealed a positive perception of interpersonal activities at both level of language proficiency-- intermediate and upper-intermediate. Actually, the obtained results showed that the intermediate group (males and females) acted more positively than the other group in this respect. The findings of the study bear some implications and suggestions for scholar interested in the topic of this.


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Volume 9, Issue 36 - Serial Number 36
1400- تابستان
July 2021
Pages 63-75
  • Receive Date: 14 July 2020
  • Revise Date: 27 October 2020
  • Accept Date: 27 December 2020
  • First Publish Date: 27 March 2021