Relationship between Teaching Experience, Academic Qualifications and In-service Training Courses: The case of Iranian EFL teachers' use of critical thinking-based teaching strategies
DOR: 20.1001.1.23223898.2021.

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of English, Faculty of Humanities, Shahreza Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahreza, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of English, Faculty of Foreign Languages, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran


This study intended to investigate critical thinking-based teaching strategies EFL teachers of Iranian high schools integrate into their teaching. To this purpose, the inter-relationship between the teachers' frequency of use of critical thinking-based teaching strategies and their teaching experience, their attendance at critical thinking in-service training courses, and their higher university degree were explored through a survey questionnaire. To analyze the collected data, means, frequencies, standard deviations, percentages, exploratory factor analysis (EFA), correlation coefficient, and five-point Likert scale were utilized. The obtained results showed that teaching experience was negatively correlated with the frequency of strategy use, and that no significant relationship was found between the frequency of strategy use and teachers’ higher university degree. The results further showed a significant relationship between the frequency of strategy use and critical thinking in-service training courses attended by teachers. The findings of this study imply that critical thinking should be reinforced in Iranian education system as well as in high school teaching schedule.


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Volume 9, Issue 37 - Serial Number 37
October 2021
Pages 95-104
  • Receive Date: 13 December 2020
  • Revise Date: 04 February 2021
  • Accept Date: 22 April 2021
  • First Publish Date: 13 May 2021