A Study of Exploratory Factor Analytic Model: Identifying Optimal Number of Factors Affecting Reflection-for-action Scale

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of English, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of English, Shiraz Branch Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran


This study aimed at developing and designing a new model and instrument to explore attitudes of Iranian EFL Teachers towards reflection-for-action through their teaching. In so doing, the researchers followed several rigorous steps including extensive literature review, content selection, item generation, designing the rating scales and personal information part, item revision, and detecting factor structure. An initial draft of the questionnaire consisting of ten dimensions along with 49 items, investigating teachers’ attitudes towards the components of reflection-for-action scale based on the literature and interview with a panel of experts. Then, it was distributed to a group of 150 Iranian EFL teachers to refine it more. Finally, Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) of the obtained data revealed that the questionnaire consisted of a seven-factor structure including Academic Qualification as the (first factor), Experience (second factor), Professional Development (third factor), Collaboration (fourth factor), Perception (fifth factor), Efficacy (sixth factor), Motivation (seventh factor).


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Volume 10, Issue 41 - Serial Number 41
تابستان 1401
July 2022
Pages 117-136
  • Receive Date: 04 December 2021
  • Revise Date: 22 February 2022
  • Accept Date: 14 April 2022
  • First Publish Date: 14 April 2022